Flag 101

Flag Football is a non-contact game that promotes skill development, cardio training and mental strategy. Flag Football is a sport easily adapted to any age, any ability and both boys and girls. It is one of the fastest growing sports being played in Canada with competition expanding internationally. Youth leagues are 5 a side with a roster of about 8-10 players, which makes for lots of game time for all the kids!

Flag Football is:

  • Fun
  • Inexpensive
  • Promotes “sport for life” opportunities!
  • Develops life skills through sport; such as cooperation, self discipline and sportsmanlike conduct, self-confidence and improves self-image! 

How to Play the Game

The offensive team takes possession of the ball at its 5-yard line and has three plays to cross midfield. When a team crosses midfield, it has three plays to score a touchdown. If the offence fails to score, the ball changes possession and the new offensive team takes over on its 5-yard line. Players can carry and throw the ball to move it up the field. A defender may knock down a pass that’s in the air. If the player with the ball has his flag pulled or if he goes out of bounds, he is called “down” and the ball is dead. 

A down (or play) is the period of time that begins when the center puts the ball into play until the ball becomes dead. When a team has the ball, it has 3 downs to advance the ball to midfield or score. If the offence moves the ball to midfield, it’s awarded a new set of 3 downs to try and score a touchdown. The line of scrimmage for each team is an imaginary line passing through the end of the football nearest to them, extending from sideline to sideline. 

The area between these lines, which is the length of the football, is the “neutral zone.” The offensive team must have at least 4 players on the line of scrimmage when the ball is snapped. The snap is a backward pass through the legs of the center, which puts the ball into play. The snap must be one quick and continuous motion, and the snapper can’t move his feet or lift a hand until after the ball is snapped. Other players have to stay still until the ball is snapped. No one is allowed to enter the neutral zone or move toward his opponent’s goal line at a snap. The snap must be to a player behind the line of scrimmage, unless it touches the ground.


Flag Belt Shirts must be tucked in, and they are not allowed to hang down over the flag belt. If a player loses their flag belt legally or illegally during a down and gains possession of a live ball, that player is considered down if they are touched with one hand by a defender between the shoulders and the knees. Players must have the ball before their flag can legally be pulled. It’s illegal for a defender to intentionally pull a flag from an offensive player who doesn’t have the ball. The infraction is considered a personal foul with a 10-yard penalty. Guarding the flag belt is not allowed. Runners can’t use any part of their body or the ball to keep an opponent from pulling their flag. Punting On 4th down, the offensive team is asked if they want to punt from a protected scrimmage. If they do, the defense isn’t allowed to penetrate the line of scrimmage on the snap. They can try to block the punt only by jumping straight up in the air on their side of the ball. All members of the punting team, except the punter, must be on the line of scrimmage, and none of them can move until the ball is kicked. If a punt crosses the scrimmage line and touches a player from either team and then hits the ground, the ball is dead and possession goes to the receiving team.

Backward Passes and Fumbles

A runner can make a backward pass at any time. A teammate may catch the pass or recover it if it hits the ground. Forward Passes and Interceptions The offensive team is allowed one forward pass during each play from the line of scrimmage, but the passer must be behind the line of scrimmage when releasing the ball. Any other forward pass is illegal. If a player is in the air while attempting to catch a ball, he must land with at least 1 foot in bounds when he has possession of the ball before going out of bounds, unless contact by the opposing team is what causes him to go out of bounds. If players from opposing teams catch the ball at the same time, the ball is given to the team that snapped the ball.


Points can be scored in the following manner:

A touchdown is 6 points. Bonus points may be scored based on where the touchdown is scored from. If successful from the 3 yard line, a touchdown is worth 7 points. If successful from the 10 yard line, a touchdown is worth 8 points.

A safety is worth two points. A safety is called when an offensive player is down with the ball in his own end zone. The team that was scored on has to kick off from their 14-yard line.

Top Scroll to Top